Reflect Of The Course

Reflect Of The Course

Reflect  on what you have learned in class, what we have discussed, and what you have read. As of result of having taken this course have your views changed?  How? Please explain. 

two pages (double spaced).  

Please use a 12-point Times New Roman font  

one inch margins all round. 

You will be graded based on: 

  • how well the reflection explains your own thinking and learning process(es), as well as implications for future learning; 
  • the in-depth analysis of your learning experience, the value of the derived learning to self or others; 
  • how  well you articulate multiple connections between this learning  experience and content from this course (and other related courses),  past learning, life experiences and/or future goals. 

The book is attached bellow: 

(Chapters 1-8) 

Individual Behavior, Personality, and values

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Upon completion of this lecture/discussion, you will be able to:

Define behavior, personality, and values.

List and describe the four elements of the MARS Model.

Identify and describe 5 types of individual behavior.

Describe the Schwartz Values Model.

Describe how personality and values affect individual behavior.

MARS MODEL OF INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR

Individual behavior and results (BAR)

Situational

factors

Personality

Values

Self-concept

Perceptions

Emotions & attitudes

Stress

Role perceptions

Motivation

Ability

TYPES OF INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR

Task Performance

Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCBs)

Counterproductive Work Behaviors

Joining and Staying in Organizations

Maintaining Work Attendance

PERSONALITY IN ORGANIZATIONS

Personality – relatively enduring patterns of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that characterize a person, along with the psychological processes behind those characteristics.

external traits

internal states

NATURE vs NURTURE OF PERSONALITY

Influenced by nature

Heredity explains about 50 percent of behavioral tendencies

Influenced by nurture

Socialization, learning

Personality stabilizes in young adulthood

Self-concept gets clearer, more stable with age

Executive function regulates behavior

But some traits change throughout life

FIVE-FACTOR PERSONALITY MODEL (CANOE)

conscientiousness

agreeableness

neuroticism

open to experience

extraversion

FIVE-FACTOR PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR

JUNGIAN PERSONALITY THEORY

Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung

Model includes preferences for perceiving the environment and obtaining and processing information

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

Measures Jungian types

Most widely used personality test in business

Good for self-awareness and other awareness

Poor predictor of performance, leadership, team development

JUNGIAN & MYERS-BRIGGS TYPES

VALUES IN THE WORKPLACE

Stable, evaluative beliefs that guide our preferences

Define right and wrong, good and bad: what we “ought” to do

Direct our motivation, potentially decisions and behavior

Value system: hierarchy of values

Compared with personality, values are:

Evaluative (not descriptive)

May conflict strongly with each other

Affected more by nurture than nature

SCHWARTZ’S VALUES MODEL

PERSONAL VALUES AND BEHAVIOR

How personal values influence decisions and behavior:

Affect the relative attractiveness of choices

Frame perceptions

Act consistently with self-concept and public image

Why personal values fail to influence decisions and behavior:

Situation—interferes with values-consistent behavior

Awareness (salience)—relevance of values isn’t obvious

Values are abstract

Routine behavior makes us less mindful of values consistency

VALUES CONGRUENCE

Similarity of a person’s values hierarchy to another source

Importance of values congruence

Team values congruence—higher team cohesion and performance

Person–organization values congruence—higher job satisfaction, loyalty, and organizational citizenship, lower stress and turnover

VALUES ACROSS CULTURES

collectivism/individualism

power distance

uncertainty avoidance

achievement-nurturing

THE END…

Comments.

Questions.

Concerns.