Environmental Disaster Management

Environmental Disaster Management


Bhopal Disaster Figures

Bhopal City Population1,000,000 people100
Population Exposed554,895 people55.5
Total Death-Disaster Related30,000 people3
Disabilities Recorded102,000 people10.2
Compensation money$ 470 MillionN/A

According to Coppola (2011), those affected in the Bhopal disaster suffer from related problems, respiratory diseases as well as having psychological problems. The effects are passed to unborn babies making them future clients for retarded growth, intellectual retard and peri and neonatal deaths.


Possible Causes

Weak and unreliable pipes corroded

Excess pressure

Workers negligence

Lack of repairs/ uncoordinated repairs

Lack of emergency reporting system

Change of maintenance team

Haque (2005) says that the existing pipes could be weak and reliable. That means they can be easily corroded by gases which are acidic in nature. The pipes could be exerting a lot of pressure to the pipes making them give in to pressure. The pipes will thus start leaking. The leak may be due to worker’s negligence where they leave pipes unattended leading to build up of gases that funnily break the pipes. Lack of repairs and uncoordinated repairs makes the pipe culpable to who corrosion and poor workmanship. The change of maintenance team may bring in unqualified team which cannot attend to the industrial system. Lack of emergency reporting system may see workers who identify faulty system not communicate it to the relevant authorities.


Avoidance Measures

Locate facility in remote areas

Install a working safety designer

24 hour safety engineering team

Adhere to industrial policies and regulations

Install shut down system when leak happens

According to Ecker (2005), a chemical industry should be located far from human settlement. The aim of locating it far from human settlement is to minimise harm when disaster strikes. The safety designer is meant to contain any gas leak that may emanate from leaking of pipes. The gas will be contained inside the facilities with minimal external harm. A standby 24 hour system should be in place to ensure they respond to any gas leak in the firm. that will ensure regular check of the system to avoid any gas leakAll set standards in the field should be adhered to ensure that all disaster are contained.


Production for Profit

Contingency fund

Third party medical scheme

Issue compensation

Offer shares to the local community

Offer corporate social responsibility like scholarships

Industries need to set up a contingency fund that will enable it to finance clean up processes when it faces a hazard (Coppola, 2011). The firm should have a third party medical scheme to ensure when a disaster strikes persons can be treated under a medical scheme. The firm assurance policy will ensure that the firm is able to compensate those who die due t a disaster. The firm should offer shares to the local community to ensure all the firms activity have the interest of the community. There is need for the firm to support corporate social responsibilities like offering scholarships.


Awareness Responsibility

Issue industrial protective and preventive equipment

Report any faulty system

Establish an emergency reporting system

Ability to locate environmental damage

Move people to safe grounds

According to Haque (2005), the firm need to issue personal protective equipment (PPE) to workers to reduce exposure. There is need for employees to have ability to locate and report faulty industrial systems. An emergency safety and health unit need to be established with clear communication channels. The community and workers need to have ability to identify environmental damage caused by the industry. That will ensure the firm rehabilitates the environment. The firm need to finance people near the firm to safer grounds as a way of creating awareness f staying away from the industry



Coppola, D. P. (2011). Introduction to International Disaster Management. Burlington: Elsevier Science

Ecker, I. (2005). The Bhopal saga: Causes and consequences of the world’s largest industrial disaster. Hyderabad: University Press

Haque, C. E. (2005). Mitigation of natural hazards and disasters: International perspectives. Dordrecht, the Netherland: Springer