While there are many benefits to the use of cryptocurrency, there is also much skepticism from the general public.  Much of this concern centers around legal protection associated with transactions. Search the Internet and outline what legal protections exist for Bitcoin users in the US and other countries. 

And also 2 75+ words comments on above topic.

Dickson, B. (2019). How to Keep Your Bitcoin Safe. PC Magazine, 37. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=shib&db=f5h&AN=138901618&site=eds-live 

MCGINNIS, J. O., & ROCHE, K. (2019). Bitcoin: Order without Law in the Digital Age. Indiana Law Journal94(4), 1497–1554.

Ruslina, E. (2019). Legal Protection for Bitcoin Users in E-Commerce Transactions. Journal of Internet Law, 23(4), 3–6. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=shib&db=buh&AN=139556416&site=eds-live 

Briefing Essays

HRMD 620

Note: Submissions will not be accepted after grades for this assignment have been posted.  Alternate assignments are not available.

Synthesis Project Description: Research Briefing Paper

This document explains the requirements for the briefing paper. Please read all sections carefully. In some instances, the instructions intentionally do not follow APA format. If you have questions about this assignment, please post them in the discussion forum so everyone will have the same information.

TIP: Begin checking for available material right away to be sure there is enough for you to do what you intend. Engage a librarian to help you obtain the best material available. Librarians often know more sources to consult.

General Description of the Assignment (from the syllabus)

Research Briefing Paper (Synthesis category = 20% of Course Grade) – The purpose of this assignment is to strengthen your research skills, enhance your presentation skills, and expand your knowledge. You will need to research material beyond the class readings to investigate labor/employee relations at a specific organization. You will report your findings to the class in a briefing paper (5 or 6 double-spaced pages, not including the title page and reference list). You’ll need between 15-20 sources. Scholarly sources from academic libraries should dominate your research.  Wikipedia is not an acceptable source. Of course, you may use online libraries, such as the one at UMGC.  Given much of the information available via the web is not screened for accuracy, you should be careful in selecting information from this source.  In other words, website information should be used appropriately (i.e., to describe a specific company’s program or report a governmental policy).  APA should be used to reference your sources.  Additional instructions will be provided. (Course Objectives 1, 2, 3, 4, 6)

Note: Graduate School courses require about 25 sources for a standard term paper. The 15-20 sources needed here are part of the overall research requirement. Instead of writing an 18-25 page paper, however, this assignment reduces the requirement to 5-6 double-spaced pages of an executive briefing. This way you meet the research requirements but have a smaller writing task. Being concise and knowing which information to include, however, can be challenging; so, allow yourself enough time to craft a suitable product. Good presentations of any nature have much more research to support the amount of material that is presented, so this is a good skill to develop. It may help to think of this assignment as a presentation to a meeting of very busy people. They will give you a few minutes of their time to present your 5-6 double-spaced pages of information. You’ll want to include the key points in it. Exceeding the 6 page limit does not indicate a “better, more thorough” paper. Having less than 5 pages raises the question of adequacy.

Identifying your Topic

Choice of Organization

Assume you are an external consultant hired to provide executive level management a concise report about labor relations in an organization.Choose one current organization in the private or public sector. You will likely need to choose a large, visible organization in order for material to be available. There is usually a sufficient amount of material for retail giants, supermarkets chains, clothing manufacturers, prominent hotels, key airlines, automotive manufacturers, hospitals, mining companies, and large government agencies. In order to keep an objective mindset, do not select an organization for which you work or did work. Perhaps you’d like to choose an organization that provides a product or service that you use. Just be sure there is enough accessible information. You will need to consult publicly-available material, such as reputable news reports, journal articles, and government documents. Confidential information internal to the organization should not be used, but public material provided by the organization and/or a union can be used as long as its credibility is given appropriate weight.

Once the organization is selected, discuss: How well does it manage its labor/employee relations? What are its strengths and weaknesses? Tip: One way to think about the content is through a series of questions:

–Definition:  For purposes of your analysis, who is the organization?  Is it only part of a larger enterprise? For instance, is it only the U.S. locations or specific operations within the U.S.? What role does labor have in its operations?  For instance, how large is the labor force?  Who are the employees?  Is labor a critical piece of production or does technology do most of the work?  

–Management’s view:  How well does it think its employee/labor relations is going?  Is it meeting its own criteria for “good”? Does it do what it claims in its strategic plan and public professions? What is the evidence that it is or is not?  What would it continue or change if it could?

–Labor’s view:  How do employees think they are treated?  What is the evidence?  What role have unions had/tried to have in this relationship between employees and management? What would employees/the union continue or change?

Tip: To obtain needed evidence, also consider other points of view: How does the government, industry, and other facets of society view the organization’s labor relations? For instance, has the NLRB ruled against the organization consistently for the same reason? Did the organization win any industry awards for managing its people?

Briefing Paper Checklist

Administrative Preparation

_____The paper is posted by the deadline in the proper place, using a Word file format. Per the syllabus, a grade penalty can apply if the document is late.

_____The title page contains your name and class section.

_____Pages are numbered.

_____The page number does not exceed the stated limit. (The page limit asks you to think about what is most important and to communicate it concisely. This is a valuable business skill since managers often have time to read only the executive summaries or the first page of a resume! Note: This does not mean that substance should be sacrificed; it just means it should be presented concisely.)

_____A 12-point font is used, and margins are reasonable.

Content (Body of the Paper)

_____ Special terms are defined.

_____ The content is substantial and represents a significant literature review. In other words, the material extends substantially beyond the course readings. The issues discussed are key facets of the topic.

_____ The data sources demonstrate a solid method of evaluating labor relations; the types of sources are meaningful and appropriate.

_____ Both labor’s and management’s views are presented in an unbiased manner. Your task is to be a neutral fact-finder. You may draw a conclusion based on the facts that you discover, but it would not be appropriate to do the research by trying to prove one position vs. the other.

_____ The ideas express your own analysis, and borrowed material is used primarily to substantiate your points. Remember that long quotes are usually not needed.  Paraphrasing shows that you understand what the other author has said.  You wouldn’t paraphrase, however, if you want expert support for a particular idea; a direct quote is preferable then.  

_____ Points are logically sequenced.

_____ Points are well supported with logic, data, and/or examples.

_____ Conclusions demonstrate integrative, critical thinking.


_____The introduction tells the reader the purpose of the research and the agenda for the paper. Do NOT use an abstract.

_____The summary recaps the key points and provides psychological closure to the discussion.

_____Technical aspects of writing (i.e., grammar, sentence structure, and spelling) are correct. Tip: If writing is not your strongest skill, consult the free writing tutors who are available via the classroom. Plan enough time for a tutor to assist.

_____Academic style (i.e., appropriate diction, clarity, smooth transitions, and an audience-oriented approach) is demonstrated. Tip: Each organization has its own style for reporting to its leaders.  What is important in our class is to remember that you are talking to the top level of an organization.  What would they want/need to know about your topic? You don’t get much of their time in the meeting, so you need to present the most important information right away.  You need to set the stage/orient your audience quickly then raise the key points.  Nitty-gritty details are usually left for follow-up activities if the leaders are interested.  Use enough details to support your point, but don’t get bogged down in things an executive would not want/need to know.  

_____Citations are given for non-original material, using APA format for the in-text citation as well as the reference list.

Reference List

Organize your reference list into two sections:

1) Those that are cited in the body of the presentation. This is a standard APA requirement.

2) Any source that you do not cite in the body of the presentation. Annotate these in the reference listing. Think of those as additional resources to use in a Q&A period after your presentation. This, of course, is not standard APA protocol.

_____The references conform to APA format (author, year, title, etc.)

_____ The sources are appropriate (i.e., pertinent, reputable and time-sensitive).

_____ The sources that are not cited in the body of the presentation are annotated in the reference list.

MBA630 Discussion 3 Week 3

Competing in the Global and Domestic Marketplace

There are numerous considerations that companies face when they market their brands globally. Advances in communication, transportation, and other technologies have made the world a much smaller place. Today, almost every firm, large or small, faces international marketing issues. All will have to answer some basic questions when considering globalization; what market position should we try to establish in our country, in our region, and globally? Who will our global competitors be and what are their strategies and resources?  Where should we produce or source our products? What alliances should we form with other firms around the world?

In addition to these considerations, and in our data driven business environment, importance is placed on how companies develop and manage information about important market­place elements.  Marketing research initiatives are designed to assess the firm’s marketing information needs, develop the needed information, and help managers to use the information to gain actionable customer and market insights. Simply put, marketers need limited amounts of the right data at any given time to make these decisions.

Mary Kay: Building a Brand in India

This case describes the market entry into India by Mary Kay, Inc.  At the time of the case, Mary Kay, Inc. was one of the largest direct sellers of skin care and color cosmetics in the world.  The company’s brands are sold in more than 35 markets on five continents.

The video supplement provides you with an opportunity to explore different aspects of its global operations in the context of the entry into India.  Specifically, you are asked to: (1) define what type of global company it is; (2) describe the global market-entry strategy used by the company to enter India; and (3) decide whether or not Mary Kay is a global brand.

This case addresses global marketing organizations, global market entry strategies, and global branding. You should consider the company’s expansion plans not only into India, but the entire region of Asia and other international markets.


Kerin, R. A. & Hartley, S. W. (2017). Marketing. (13th ed.). New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Education.


Initial Post

Review the following information about Mary Kay’s global expansion of the brand:

Background on Mary Kay


Based on the information provided above as well as internet research, put yourself in the position of a marketing consultant brought in to Mary Kay to formulate a set of well-developed and supported recommendations for expanding the brand into various international markets. You will be presenting your recommendations to the company’s senior leadership team. Your recommendations should be based on a critical evaluation of the effectiveness of its prior marketing strategies. The recommendations should be logically presented, well-supported, and thoroughly vetted. 

IMPORTANT! Your grade for each weekly thread discussion will be determined by your analytical, integrative, problem-solving and critical thinking skills demonstrated by your posts and by your positive responses to the posts of your classmates. There is no minimum or maximum in terms of the word count; however, the response should explicitly address all required components of this discussion assignment. Your response should integrate external resources, which should be consistent with APA writing style and format (7th edition) and reflect higher level cognitive processing (analysis, synthesis and or evaluation).  

From the Teacher:

Consumer markets are incredibly diverse; often mere segmentation is not definitive enough to effectively gain market share or to serve a market completely.  The United States, or North America for that matter, is difficult to define; the European market, with the many diverse cultures making up any country’s resident profiles is even more complex. Other markets are becoming increasingly challenging and complex.

Cultural values are of utmost importance (different from customer value), as they define the boundaries or norms as to what is desirable.

There are key questions that companies must ask when considering a foreign market:

1) Is the geographic area homogeneous or heterogeneous regarding culture? (it’s often a question of how heterogeneous the particular culture is; very rarely is there a homogeneous culture).

2) What needs does this product fill in this culture?

3) Can enough people afford the product?

4) What values are relevant to the purchase and use of the product

5) What are the distribution, political and legal structures for the product  (this is often a very challenging analysis)

6) How can the product be communicated?

7) What are the ethical implications for marketing the product in a particular country?

This website may be of interest: http://globaledge.msu.edu/ (Links to an external site.)  (Links to an external site.)

Consider these aspects as you address the discussion question and your proposed strategies.

Hello world!

Welcome to WordPress. This is your first post. Edit or delete it, then start writing!

A 64-year-old Caucasian female presents to the clinic with vague symptoms of non- specific abdominal pain, myalgias, constipation, polyuria

A 64-year-old Caucasian female presents to the clinic with vague symptoms of non- specific abdominal pain, myalgias, constipation, polyuria

A 64-year-old Caucasian female presents to the clinic with vague symptoms of non- specific abdominal pain, myalgias, constipation, polyuria, and says she feels “fuzzy headed” much of the time. She had a fracture of her right metatarsal without trauma and currently is wearing a walking boot. She also had a bout of kidney stones a few weeks ago and she fortunately was able to pass the small stones without requiring lithotripsy or other interventions. She was told by the urologist to follow up with her primary care provider after the kidney stones has resolved.

The APRN examining the patient orders a Chem 12 which revealed a serum Ca++ of 13.1 mg/dl. The APRN believes the patient has primary hyperparathyroidism and refers the patient to an endocrinologist who does a complete work up and concurs with the APRN’s diagnosis.

Question 1 of 2:

Explain the processes involved in the formation of renal stones in patients with hyperparathyroidism. 

Question 2 of 2:

Explain how a patient with hyperparathyroidism is at risk for bone fractures.